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The application of al-Intiqal (the transition) on Synthetically Modified Organisms (SMOs): an analysis from shariah and science approaches

Ramli, Siti Nur Hamizah and Jamaludin, Mohammad Aizat and Nordin, Noor Faizul Hadry and Abdullah Sani, Muhamad Shirwan (2023) The application of al-Intiqal (the transition) on Synthetically Modified Organisms (SMOs): an analysis from shariah and science approaches. UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 10 (2). pp. 83-94. E-ISSN 2289-8204

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Synthetic biology, or SynBio, is a fast-growing technology, that combines biology, chemistry, computer science, and engineering, producing synthetically modified organisms (SMOs), in which organisms for which a large part or the entire genome has been designed using computer-aided design tool and chemically synthesized. Concern arises when (deoxyribonucleic acid) DNA constructs are made up of impure (najs) substances in Shariah as raw material, like transfer of engineered pig cells with modified genomes. One of alternative verification methods of Shariah law, namely al-Intiqal(the transition), can assist Muslim jurists in determining legal rulings on particular Halal contemporary issues, as there is no explicit information about genetic modified technology in the Qur’an or Hadith. This study aims to determine the theory of al-Intiqal (the transition) from Shariah and science approaches and apply the structure and division of al-Intiqal (the transition) on SMOs productions, like synthetic spider silk and humanized pig organ. Qualitative methods were applied including library research, fiqh adaptation (al-takyif al-fiqhi), and semi structured in-depth interview. Study shows that two divisions ofal -Intiqal (the transition) can be applied within SMOs productions, which are al-Intiqal al-sahih (the accepted transition) and al-Intiqal al-fasid (the damaged transition). Study concludes that DNA synthesizer as conversion agent within SMOs production process can be considered permissible (Halal), while synthetic spider silk is also permissible (Halal) as the raw material is considered pure and its transition process had completely occurred in Shariah, nonetheless humanized pig organ is impermissible (Haram) as the raw material and its recipient organism are impermissible (Haram) and its transition process had not completely occurred in Shariah, except for emergency (darurah) case with some provisions.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Al-Intiqal, Synthetic Biology, Synthetically Modified Organisms, Halal
Subjects: BPC Science and Technology in Islam
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH111.4 Halal issues. Fatawa
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH114 Consumption. Halal issues
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH114.3 Halal industry science
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH117 Consumption. Halal issues. Standards. Certification. Halal status
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH122 Consumption. Halal issues. Specific products. Food and drink
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD9016.5 Halal Science
K Law > KBP Islamic Law > KBP1 Islamic law.Shariah.Fiqh
K Law > KBP Islamic Law > KBP1 Islamic law.Shariah.Fiqh > KBP425 Uṣūl al-fiqh. Jurisprudence and theory of law. Science of legal reasoning.
Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q128 Islam and Science
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: Dr. Mohammad Aizat Jamaludin
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2023 09:22
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2023 14:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/105303

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