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Preparation methods and challenges of hybrid nanofluids: a review

Urmi, Wajiha Tasnim and A.S, Shafiqah and Rahman, Md Mustafizur and Maleque, Md. Abdul and Kadirgama, Kumaran (2021) Preparation methods and challenges of hybrid nanofluids: a review. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 78 (2). pp. 56-66. E-ISSN 2289 - 7879

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Abstract

The recent studies on nanotechnology have reported rapid development of nanofluids in various aspects due to the enhanced thermophysical and heat transfer properties of nanofluids. This paper reviews the preparation methods and some challenging issues of hybrid nanofluids during the Preparation of hybrid nanofluids. One-step and two-step are mainly the preparation methods of hybrid nanofluids. Compared to the one-step method, the two-step method is a widely used technique for preparing nanofluids due to its simplicity, whereas this technique has a complexity of achieving stability of hybrid nanofluids. On the contrary, the one-step is very flexible for achieving uniformity of nanofluids with comparatively high production cost. Some researchers followed various techniques such as surfactant addition, surface treatment, and pH modification for preparing a durable nanofluid. However, these methods also have their limitation, such as degrading the thermal attributes of hybrid nanofluids. So, future studies need to address these challenges along with the cost analysis during preparing the hybrid nanofluids.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6103/86850
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanoparticle; hybrid nanofluid; thermophysical property; surfactant; stability
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T173.2 Technological change
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA349 Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > TN799.5 Nonmetallic minerals
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2020 12:35
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2020 12:35
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/86850

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