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Nanomaterials Derived from Fungal Sources - Is It the New Hype?

Wan Nawawi, Wan Mohd Fazli and Jones, Mitchell and Murphy, Richard J and Lee, Koon-Yang and Kontturi, Eero and Bismarck, Alexander (2019) Nanomaterials Derived from Fungal Sources - Is It the New Hype? Biomacromolecules. pp. 1-26. ISSN 1525-7797 E-ISSN 1526-4602 (In Press)

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Abstract

Greener alternatives to synthetic polymers are constantly being investigated and sought after. Chitin is a natural polysaccharide that gives structural support to crustacean shells, insect exoskeletons, and fungal cell walls. Like cellulose, chitin resides in nanosized structural elements that can be isolated as nanofibers and nanocrystals by various top-down approaches, targeted at disintegrating the native construct. Chitin has, however, been largely overshadowed by cellulose when discussing the materials aspects of the nanosized components. This Perspective presents a thorough overview of chitin-related materials research with an analytical focus on nanocomposites and nanopapers. The red line running through the text emphasizes the use of fungal chitin that represents several advantages over the more popular crustacean sources, particularly in terms of nanofiber isolation from the native matrix. In addition, many β-glucans are preserved in chitin upon its isolation from the fungal matrix, enabling new horizons for various engineering solutions.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7777/77049
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanomaterials; Fungal source
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS1080 Paper manufacture. Woodpulp industry
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Wan Mohd Fazli Wan Nawawi
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 14:40
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 15:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77049

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