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Physico-chemical and thermal properties of starch derived from sugar palm tree (arenga pinnata)

Sahari, J. and Sapuan, S.M. and Zainudin, E.S. and Maleque, Md. Abdul (2014) Physico-chemical and thermal properties of starch derived from sugar palm tree (arenga pinnata). Asian Journal of Chemistry, 26 (4). pp. 955-959. ISSN 0970-7077 (P) 0975-427X (O)

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Petroleum based polymers are extremely stable and commonly used in various industries include food packaging, furniture and automotive. However, the waste that come from petroleum based polymer material has brought negative impact not only for human being, but also create the serious environmental problems. Hence, biopolymers that come from natural source such as starches are now being considered as an alternative to the existing petrochemical based polymers. This study was aimed to examine the potential of sugar palm starch extracted from sugar palm tree (Arenga pinnata) as a new biopolymer. The important properties of sugar palm starch studied were the chemical properties, thermal properties, particle size and morphological surface. The starches isolated from sugar palm tree contained comparable amounts of amylose (37.60 %) which were higher than tapioca, sago, potato, wheat and maize. The results showed significant differences in the chemical content as well as in the granule sizes of sugar palm starch. Thermal characteristic studies using thermogravimetry analysis and differential scanning calorimetry showed that sugar palm starch was thermally stable than other starches. Study on morphological surface indicated that sugar palm starch were rounded and oval-shaped.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6103/38030
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sugar palm starch, Biopolymer, Chemical properties, Thermal properties
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T11.95 Industrial directories
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2014 13:34
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 11:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38030

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