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Influence of the elastic system and cutting parameters on chatter during end milling of aluminium and aluminium alloy on VMC

Amin, A. K. M. Nurul and Ahmad Dalhan, Salha and Sahidin @ Saleudin, Salhana (2011) Influence of the elastic system and cutting parameters on chatter during end milling of aluminium and aluminium alloy on VMC. In: Advanced Machining Towards Improved Machinability of Difficult-to-Cut Materials. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 65-73. ISBN 9789674181758

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Machine tool chatter is an intensive type of vibration of the work-tool-fixture (WTF) system during metal cutting. It is caused by interaction of the instability of the chip formation process and natural frequencies of the individual components of the WTF system [1, 2, 3]. It was established earlier [1, 2] and confirmed by recent investigations [4] that the chip formation process is unstable for most materials due to the formation of a fourth type of chip; namely the serrated, segmented or cyclic chip at cutting speed exceed certain critical value. When the frequencies of the instability of these serrated chip formation grow close to the natural frequencies of the individual components, resonance occurs [1, 2]. During resonance the frequency of the vibration remains practically constant and the amplitude increases to a maximum value and the gradually decreases and the component gets out of resonance [3]. This type of vibration during metal cutting is termed as chatter vibrations. The occurrence of chatter, if uncontrolled, can easily result in a poor surface finish, damaged cutting tool, and an irritating and unacceptable noise. In recent years, chatter research has been concentrated into the automatic suppression of machine tool chatter using various control strategies. One of the easy, effective, and popular chatter control strategies is the change of spindle speed [5]. This is because through a proper selection of spindle speed, a favourable condition may be generated to remove machine tool chatter. The main feature of the spindle speed control strategies is that stable spindle speeds can easily be searched without altering any machine tool structure. In the absence of stability data it is very difficult to program for the depth of cut, feed and cutting speed of the tool in order to maintain a satisfactory level of dynamic stability of the machine tool during operation. So it is important to know the ranges of cutting speed over which chatter vibration of the tool and the workpiece exists. These data could be useful in developing stability software, which could facilitate the selection spindle speeds to facilitate stable cutting operation and also for online monitoring and suppression of self excited Vibrations [6]. The present work therefore aims at investigating the influence of the tool holders (their rigidity and natural frequencies), job materials and cutting parameters on chatter and surface roughness during metal cutting on the Vertical Machining Centre (VMC)

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 2872/23588
Uncontrolled Keywords: aluminium, aluminium alloy
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2012 15:58
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2012 14:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23588

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