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Exploring critical questioning among in-service ESL teachers using Socratic questioning technique

Yaacob, Aizan and Bahador, Zulkefli and Wan Abdul Halim, Wan Fatimah Solihah and Ismail, Siti Noor and Hasnan, Norlena and Mohd Asraf, Ratnawati (2023) Exploring critical questioning among in-service ESL teachers using Socratic questioning technique. In: The 3rd International Conference on Management and Communication (ICMC 2023), 1st-2nd March, 2023, Kuala Trengganu, Terengganu.

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The development of pupils' critical thinking depends on their ability to ask thoughtful questions. Although the advantages of critical questioning to develop students' critical thinking abilities have been widely recognized, teachers' poor questioning abilities become the main area of concern among educators. This paper aims to highlight this issue by exploring the use of Socratic Questioning Technique (SQT) in enhancing in-service teachers’ critical questioning skills when writing reflections. An Action Research Design was adopted using multiple methods such as interview, document analysis and reflections. 13 in-service ESL teachers who enrolled in a one-semester Master of Education course with a focus on English Language Teaching participated in this study. This action research involved three phases which are: problem identification, intervention and evaluation. Two moments of intervention were conducted using Gibbs’ Reflective Model and Socratic Critical Questioning techniques. The data were analyzed thematically. The findings revealed that SQT managed to enhance their critical questioning technique as they started asking variety of questions such as clarification, evidence, reasoning and implication questions during the intervention. The interview also showed that they learned to be more critical, they knew how to ask critical questions and they also became more confident in giving feedback to others. In other words, SQT trained these teachers about dialogic skills which are pertinent for fostering the capacity for critical thought. Thus, SQT should be incorporated in Malaysia's teacher education system.

Item Type: Proceeding Paper (Plenary Papers)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical Questioning, ESL, In-Service Teachers, Socratic Questioning Technique
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1705 Education and training of teachers
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2361 Curriculum
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education
Kulliyyah of Education > Department of Language & Literacy
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Ratnawati Mohd Asraf
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2023 16:55
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 16:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/108572

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