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Cytotoxicity effect of ionic liquid-graviola fruit (Annona muricata) extract to human colon cancer (HT29) cell lines

Djabir, Daddiouaissa and Amid, Azura and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Mohammed Elnour, Ahmed Adam and Mohd Shaifudin Epandy, Mohamad Adika Khairy (2021) Cytotoxicity effect of ionic liquid-graviola fruit (Annona muricata) extract to human colon cancer (HT29) cell lines. IIUM Engineering Journal, 22 (2). pp. 50-66. ISSN 1511-788X E-ISSN 2289-7860

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The present study aimed to investigate the anti-proliferative effect of the ionic liquid-Graviola fruit (IL-GFE) extract on colon adenocarcinoma (HT29) cell lines and their kinetics behaviour to assess the Graviola fruit potential as a therapeutic alternative in cancer treatment. The phytoconstituents content of IL-GFE was identified using GC-TOFMS apparatus and measured its cytotoxicity on HT29 by tetrazolium bromide. Then the cytokinetic behaviour of the treated HT29 cells with IL-GFE was illustrated using the cells' growth curve. Besides, the cell cycle phase perturbation for the treated HT29 was applied using a flow cytometry technique. Qualitative identification of phytoconstituents of IL-GFE showed that Graviola fruit contains acetogenins, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and saponins compounds. IL-GF extract displayed a cytotoxicity effect on HT29 cells with the IC50 value of 10.56 µg/mL, while Taxol showed an IC50 value of 1.22 µg/mL. IL-GFE also decreased the cell generation number from 3.93 to 2.96 generations compared to Taxol-treated cells 2.01 generations. The microscope observation of the HT29 cells treated with the crude IL-GFE displayed loss of density and cell detachment. The extract's growth inhibition was related to the cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase. IL-GFE inhibited colon adenocarcinoma HT29 cells' proliferation and affected their kinetic behaviour by lowering cell viability, inducing apoptosis, and arresting the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase. ******************************************************************************** Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kesan anti-proliferatif ekstrak buah-ion Graviola (IL-GFE) pada garis sel adenokarsinoma kolon (HT29) dan tingkah laku kinetik mereka untuk menilai potensi buah Graviola sebagai alternatif terapi untuk barah rawatan. Kandungan fitokonstituen IL-GFE dikenal pasti menggunakan alat GC-TOFMS dan mengukur sitotoksisitasnya pada HT29 oleh tetrazolium bromida. Kemudian tingkah laku sitokinetik sel HT29 yang dirawat dengan IL-GFE digambarkan menggunakan keluk pertumbuhan sel. Selain itu, gangguan fasa kitaran sel untuk HT29 yang dirawat diaplikasikan menggunakan teknik sitometri aliran. Pengenalpastian kualitatif fitokonstituen IL-GFE menunjukkan bahawa buah Graviola mengandungi asetogenin, alkaloid, flavonoid, tanin dan sebatian saponin. Ekstrak IL-GF memperlihatkan kesan sitotoksisiti pada sel HT29 dengan nilai IC50 10.56 µg/mL, sementara Taxol menunjukkan nilai IC50 1.22 µg/mL. IL-GFE juga menurunkan jumlah penjanaan sel dari 3.93 hingga 2.96 generasi berbanding sel yang dirawat Taxol 2.01 generasi. Pemerhatian mikroskop sel HT29 yang dirawat dengan IL-GFE kasar menunjukkan kehilangan ketumpatan dan detasmen sel. Perencatan pertumbuhan ekstrak berkaitan dengan penangkapan kitaran sel pada fasa G0/G1. IL-GFE menghalang percambahan sel HT29 adenokarsinoma kolon dan mempengaruhi tingkah laku kinetik mereka dengan menurunkan daya maju sel, mendorong apoptosis, dan menghentikan kitaran sel pada fasa G0/G1.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3688/90656
Uncontrolled Keywords: colon cancer; cell cycle; flow cytometry; Graviola (Annona muricata); growth kinetics; GC-TOFMS; ionic liquids
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Ts Dr Azura Amid
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2021 12:12
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2021 15:01
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90656

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