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A review on functional and nutritional properties of noni fruit seed (Morinda citrifolia L.) and its oil

Akanda, Md Jahurul Haque and Matanjun, Patricia and Awal, Md. Shihabul and Md Ridhwan, Norazlina and George, Ramlah and Ab Wahab, Noorakmar and Lee, Jau Shya and Roslan, Jumardi and Selamat, Jinap and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam (2021) A review on functional and nutritional properties of noni fruit seed (Morinda citrifolia L.) and its oil. Food Bioscience, 41. pp. 1-9. ISSN 2212-4292 E-ISSN 2212-4306

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Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) is native to the Polynesian and recognized in the tropical and subtropical countries as a sustainable crop with feasible commercial applications. It has been reported that the interest in developing noni plant as a novel source of bioactive compounds are increasing by the day. This review describes the safety, nutritional values, and the properties of noni seed oil (NSO) with potential industrial uses. In particular, the bioactive compounds, anti-nutrients, antioxidant activity, and IC50 values of noni seed and the chemical composition of NSO are also described. NSO has high contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids, total phytosterols and tocopherols that could be better choices for patients with high cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases. Extracts of noni seed have been shown to possess bioactive compounds that exhibit antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-microbial, and anti-carcinogenic prop-erties. Bioactive compound-rich noni fruit seed could be a potential source of functional foods. Moreover, noni seeds could be a valuable new source of vegetable oil because of its nutritional properties and non-toxic nature along with the increasing supply of seeds as by-products from noni juice industry. Comprehensive studies are needed on NSO to explore more potential product development. Moreover, further study is needed on the development of nutraceutical food products from noni seed by-products.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 6605/89201
Uncontrolled Keywords: Noni seed Bioactive compound Oil Unsaturated fatty acid
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368 Food processing and manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Professor Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2021 14:51
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2021 14:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/89201

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