IIUM Repository

Nusselt number analysis from a battery pack cooled by different fluids and multiple back-propagation modelling using feed-forward networks

Mokashi, Imran and Afzal, Asif and Khan, Sher Afghan and Abdullah, Nur Azam and Azami, Muhammad Hanafi and Jilte, Ravindra D. and Samuel, Olusegun David (2020) Nusselt number analysis from a battery pack cooled by different fluids and multiple back-propagation modelling using feed-forward networks. International Journal of Thermal Science. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1290-0729 (In Press)

PDF (in press) - Published Version
Download (16MB) | Preview


In this article, an analysis of the average Nusselt number (Nuavg), which indicates the heat removal from the battery pack cooled by flowing fluid is carried out considering coupled heat transfer conditions at the pack and coolant interface. Five categories of coolant, mainly gases, common oils, thermal oils, nanofluids, and liquid metals, are selected. In each coolant category, five fluids (having different Prandtl number Pr) are selected and passed over the Li-ion battery pack. The analysis is made for different conductivity ratio (Cr), heat generation term (Qgen), Reynolds number (Re), and Pr. Pr varying in the range 0.0208–511.5 (25 coolants) and Cr for each category of coolant having its own upper and lower limit is used to analyze the heat removed from the battery pack. Using a single feed-forward network and integrating two feed-forward networks having multi-layers with backpropagation is employed for artificial neural network (ANN) modeling. In this modeling, the concept of the main network and space network is devised for multiple backpropagations (MBP). The numerical analysis revealed that the temperature distribution in battery and fluid is greatly affected by increasing Cr. The maximum temperature located close to the upper edge of the battery is found to get reduced significantly with the increase of Cr, but up to a certain limit above which reduction is marginal. The analysis carried out reveals that Cr and Qgen have no role in improving Nuavg while Pr and Re vary significantly in each step. Moreover, Nuavg is found to increase with Re continuously irrespective of any Cr and Qgen. While, for oils with an increase in Pr and Re, Nuavg was found to reduce significantly. Nanofluids are found to be more effective in improving heat transfer from the battery pack when cooled by flowing nano-coolants over it. The MBP networks proposed are successfully trained, and hence they can be used for the prediction of Nuavg.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7395/85559
Uncontrolled Keywords: Battery pack, Coolants, Prandtl number, Nusselt number Reynolds number Conductivity ratio
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1 Motor vehicles
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Sher Afghan Khan
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2020 11:55
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2020 11:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/85559

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year