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Depression and HIV disease progression: A Mini-review

Yousuf, Abdilahi and Mohd Arifin, Siti Roshaidai and Musa, Ramli and Md. Isa, Muhammad Lokman (2019) Depression and HIV disease progression: A Mini-review. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, 15. pp. 153-159. ISSN 1745-0179

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Background: Depression is the most common mental disorder and a leading cause of disability, which commonly presents unexplained psychological and physical symptoms. Depression and HIV/AIDS are commonly comorbid. This review provides an insight into the effect of depression on disease progression among people living with HIV. Methods: A search for relevant articles was conducted using a database like MEDLINE, Scopus, PsycINFO and CINAHL. Peer-reviewed English journals published between 2015 and 2019 were included in the review. Results: A total of eight studies conducted in different settings were included in the review. This review has found that psychosocial, neurohormonal and virologic factors associated with depression affect HIV disease progression. Yet, the chronicity of depression, absence of the hormones that have a buffer effect on depression and lack of examination if depression is a predictor, or an outcome of disease progression, were some of the gaps that require further investigation. Conclusion: Considerably, more research is needed to better understand the effect of mental disorder, especially depression, on HIV disease progression to AIDS and future interventions should, therefore, concentrate on the integration of mental health screening in HIV clinical setup.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5378/78681
Uncontrolled Keywords: Risk factors, depression, anxiety, mental health, disease progression, HIV, AIDS.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RB Pathology
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics > RG551 Pregnancy
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Kulliyyah of Nursing > Department of Special Care Nursing
Depositing User: Dr. Siti Roshaidai Mohd Arifin
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2020 11:35
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2020 10:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/78681

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