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Extraction, and Characterization of Carotenoids from 11 Allelopathic Plant Species as Potential Halal Food Colorants and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients

Othman, Rashidi and Ramya, Razanah and AZEMAN, MUHAMMAD AZZUBAIR and Mohd Hassan, Norazian and Kammona, Suhair (2020) Extraction, and Characterization of Carotenoids from 11 Allelopathic Plant Species as Potential Halal Food Colorants and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients. Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences, 10 (1). pp. 19-24. ISSN 2223-3806 E-ISSN 1927-5951

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Abstract

Carotenoids are a class of natural product compound that are currently being used as colouring agents and widely used in food industry. Carotenoids are bioactive pigments obtained mainly from plants through dietary intake. They possess good features in terms of dietary supplement, food colourant, and polymer stabiliser. The presence of 4 main carotenoids, which are β-carotene, zeaxanthin, lutein, and violaxanthin, were determined in 4 classes of allelopathic plant groups namely trees, ferns, grasses and herbaceous plants. This research aims to explore the carotenoid’s content and composition in 11 allelopathic species by HPLC analysis. A. auriculiformis (tree) was found to have the highest total carotenoid concentration (146.36 μg/g DW) that was substantially higher than all other species tested whereas the lowest total carotenoid concentration was found in S. palustris (fern) (3.76 μg/g DW). Lutein and β-carotene were detected highest in A. auriculiformis (tree), with 1024 ± 25.5 μg/g DW and 37.55 ± 3.16 μg/g DW, respectively. Violaxanthin and zeaxanthin were found substantially highest in M. cajuputi (tree) (5.02 ± 0.5 μg/g DW) and S. palustris (fern) (5.88 ± 0.19μg/g DW), respectively.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3842/78493
Uncontrolled Keywords: Allelopathic species, carotenoids, active pharmaceutical ingredients, grass, fern, herb, tree
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP934 Paints, pigments, varnishes, etc
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: Dr rashidi othman
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 14:44
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2020 14:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/78493

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