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Isolation and screening of newly isolated bacteria producing nanocellulose from rotten banana skin and sugarcane bagasse

Yusoff Sayuti, Nurul Hidayah and Jimat, Dzun Noraini and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida and Ahmad Raus, Raha and Amid, Azura and Jamal, Parveen (2018) Isolation and screening of newly isolated bacteria producing nanocellulose from rotten banana skin and sugarcane bagasse. In: 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2018), 19th-20th September 2018, Kuala Lumpur.

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Cellulose is naturally available polysaccharides that are abundantly found on the earth. Plant-based cellulose and bacterial cellulose are the two types of cellulose that have been studied until this present. Bacterial cellulose is pure compared to the plant-based cellulose which consists of other components such as hemicelluloses and lignin and need to be treated prior to make it pure. Thus, bacterial cellulose is selected as the alternative cellulose instead of plant-based cellulose due highly polluted chemical products emitted from the cellulose treatments in order to decrease the global environmental issue, finding a new strain that can produce high yield of cellulose and low cost of cellulose production. This project was carried out to isolate and characterize newly bacteria producing cellulose from banana skin (BS) and sugarcane bagasse (SB) through biochemical tests. BS 1 and SB 2 isolates were selected for further study as both isolates produced high cellulose. Four biochemical tests were conducted on the selected isolates with respect to morphology, gram staining, catalase and oxidase. The results showed the isolates were gram negative and rod-shaped. The catalase tests for both isolates were negative but showed positive respond for oxidase tests.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 3891/69886
Uncontrolled Keywords: bacterial cellulose, isolation, characterization, catalase, oxidase
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP200 Manufacture and use of chemicals
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Dzun Noraini Jimat
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 11:05
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 11:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/69886

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