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Stated preference approach towards the adoption of telecommuting in higher learning institution

Ismail, Farah Diyanah and Kadar Hamsa, Abdul Azeez and Mohamed, Mohd Zin (2017) Stated preference approach towards the adoption of telecommuting in higher learning institution. IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ISBN 978-967-418-542-8

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Abstract

Telecommuting is one of the Transportation Demand Management (TDM) measures to reduce peak hour traffic congestion. It allows commuters to work from home or a nearby telecommuting centre on certain days of the week. It is designed not only to help commuters to save their driving time to work, but more importantly to eliminate some vehicle trips. The purpose of this research is to investigate factors influencing the stated preference of the employees towards telecommuting adoption at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) and their perceptions on various aspects of telecommuting. The increasing number of staffs and students has contributed to the high number of private vehicles in IIUM. The increase in the private vehicle use by the IIUM community (staff and students) is inducing strain on the capacity of the existing roads and the related infrastructure. The existing traffic scenario in the IIUM has necessitated a study on the applicability of telecommuting as an alternative work arrangement. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the level of acceptance of the telecommuting adoption and look into the initiatives of implementing it at the institutions of higher educational campuses. This study in particular, was undertaken due to the benefits that it will bring to the employees, and to address the current traffic and parking problems. Three hundred respondents participated in this study through survey questionnaire. The questionnaire included demographic profile, trip characteristics, work characteristics and perceptions of telecommuting. Three principal hypotheses and ten sub-hypotheses highlighting the relationship between the preference to telecommute and the presence of young children, married females with children, commuted distance, travel time, delay time, length of service, as well as frequency of face-to-face communication were formulated. The data collected indicate that 20.2% and 26.9% of administrative and academic respondents were very familiar with telecommuting concept. The findings of this study also show 29% and 19.2% of the academic and administrative staff preferred to telecommute while 44% and 52.5% reported that they might consider adopting telecommuting, if they were given the option. Chi-square test, Kendall’s correlation coefficient and Cramer’s V were conducted to test the statistical significant relationships between the preference to telecommute and demographic, trip characteristics, work characteristics and perceptions on the aspects of telecommuting. The presence and the number of young children, frequency of face-to-face communication and frequency of using emails were found to be significant factors that contributed to the propensity towards telecommuting for both administrative and academic staff. Marital status, nationality, commuted distance, travel time, delay time, commute cost, allocation of time spent on research were significantly associated with the choice of telecommuting for academic employees. Given that the University does not have an official policy on telecommuting arrangement, some recommendations calling for the penetration of telecommuting in the IIUM were proposed. Such as, (i) establish formal policy of telecommuting arrangement in the university; (ii) provide monetary assistance for necessary equipment; (iii) implement a telecommuting pilot project and (iv) monitor employees’ productivity and quality of work through Key Performance Index (KPI) every half yearly.

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: 3877/65534
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stated preference approach, telecommuting, higher learning institution
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB3201 School architecture and equipment
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA9000 Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying > NA9053.R4 City planning
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Azeez Kadar Hamsa
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2018 11:33
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2018 11:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/65534

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