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Effect of exfoliated graphene defects on thermal conductivity of water based graphene nanofluids

Rahat, Arifutzzaman and Ismail, Ahmad Faris and Yaacob, Iskandar Idris and Khan, Ahsan Ali and Mohammad, Zahangir Alam (2018) Effect of exfoliated graphene defects on thermal conductivity of water based graphene nanofluids. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 13 (7). pp. 4871-4877. ISSN 0973-4562

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Abstract

In this work, sonication assisted exfoliated Graphene (Gr) was separated into five different suspensions using a systematic centrifugation scheme (4000-500 rpm) for the two different solvents N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone (NMP) and N, Ndimethylformamide (DMF). Gr dispersions in deionized water (DW) were prepared by the re-dispersion process with the aid of vacuum filtration. Systematic thermal conductivity (TC) measurements were conducted separately on the prepared Gr dispersion in DW with rising temperature ranging from 25 to 60 oC. Defects in exfoliated Gr samples were identified in terms of intensity ratio of D and G band (ID/IG) of Raman spectroscopy. For a fixed time of sonication values of ID/IG were found considerably higher in higher centrifugation speed (rpm). This phenomenon was perceived for both of the solvents. However, obtained values of ID/IG for the exfoliated Gr in NMP (Gr-NMP) were lower than that of Gr exfoliated by DMF (Gr-DMF). Lowest values of ID/IG found for 500 rpm, were 0.697 and 0.879 for the Gr-NMP and Gr-DMF respectively. Effect of exfoliated Gr defects were evaluated on the TC of Gr dispersed DW nanofluids. At 60 ℃, TC of GrNMP dispersion in DW was obtained 1.146 W/m-K for ID/IG of 0.697 (500 rpm) and 0.935 W/m-K for ID/IG of 0.916 (4000 rpm). Similarly occurrence was also apparent for the Gr-DMF dispersion in DW.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 1743/63614
Uncontrolled Keywords: exfoliation, graphene defects, Raman spectroscopy, thermal conductivity, nanofluids and percentage enhancement
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Ahsan Ali Khan
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 15:15
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2018 09:21
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/63614

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