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Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of astaxanthin from Penaeus monodon in comparison between chemical extraction and High Pressure Processing (HPP)

Irna, Cicy and Jaswir, Irwandi and Othman, Rashidi and Jimat, Dzun Noraini (2017) Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of astaxanthin from Penaeus monodon in comparison between chemical extraction and High Pressure Processing (HPP). International Food Research Journal (IFRJ), 24. pp. 508-513. ISSN 1985-4668

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Abstract

The use of HPP as an extraction method was studied by evaluating yield of astaxanthin from shrimp carapace as a model. Previous studies have demonstrated the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of asatxanthin. The aim of this research was to compare these properties of astxanthin as a surrogate for its yield from High Pressure Processing (HPP) extraction with the effect of hydrostatic pressure, holding time and amount of solvents versus a more conventional chemical extraction method. A solvent mixture of acetone and methanol (7:3, v/v) was used in both methods. The pressure treated was at 238 MPa with 16.29 mins of holding time and 6.59 ml of solvents for HPP method. Antioxidant activity was evaluated using scavenging activity of DPPH radical, the reducing activity of ferrum redox reaction and oxygen radical absorption capacity. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated using a zone of inhibition test against four strain of bacteria : E. coli, E. aerogenes, S. aureus and B. subtilis. The sample of asatxanthin demonstrated a significant increase in DPPH radical scavenging activity (25.47% to 87.90%), reducing activity of ferrum redox reaction (2.86 µmol TE/g to 8.13 µmol TE/g) and oxygen radical absorption capacity (2,000 µmol TE/100 g to 4,000 µmol TE/100 g) compared to the chemical extraction sample. The antimicrobial activity of the astaxathin from the HPP sample produced greater zone of inhibition against all four strains of bacteria when compared to the chemically extracted sample. A higher quality of astaxanthin was achieved with the HPP extraction method compared to chemical extraction.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5784/60857
Uncontrolled Keywords: Astaxanthin, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, High pressure processing
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Irwandi Jaswir
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2018 08:59
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2018 09:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/60857

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