IIUM Repository (IREP)

Effect of abiotic stress on carotenoids accumulation in pumpkin plants under light and dark conditions

Shahidan, Norshazila and Othman, Rashidi and Jaswir, Irwandi and Hashim, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun (2017) Effect of abiotic stress on carotenoids accumulation in pumpkin plants under light and dark conditions. International Food Research Journal, 24 (Suppl.). S387-S394. ISSN 1985-4668

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (520kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (scopus) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (509kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

In nature, environmental factors highly influence the carotenoid composition in pumpkin plants and these factors were difficult to control; thus, carotenoid content is varied quantitatively and qualitatively. However, certain parameters can be controlled and this can be conducted in the laboratory through biogenesis manipulation. This approach uses environmental stress as a tool to alter the carotenoid pathway in the plants. The main objective of this study was to observe the inhibiting and enhancing effect of abiotic stress on individual carotenoid accumulation in pumpkin plants under light and dark conditions. The abiotic stresses used were plant elicitors which consisted of Ultra Violet light exposure, Polyethylene Glycol 4000, Salicylic Acid, and half strength nutrients using Murashige and Skoog Salt. After two weeks of treatments, the pumpkin leaves and stems were harvested, freeze dried and extracted to determine the carotenoids compound using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.005) of lutein content (2.668 + 0.565 µg/g) in pumpkin leaves once exposed to Ultra Violet light with the absence of β-carotene compared to the control treatment; lutein (3.119 ± 0.210 µg/g) and β-carotene (0.838 + 0.05 µg/g). There were significant differences of carotenoids content under dark condition with the value of lutein at 0.472 + 0.008 µg/g to 1.247 + 0.047 µg/g and β-carotene from not detected to 1.360 + 0.003. The highest amount of lutein in pumpkin stem was detected in the Salicylic acid treatment under light condition (0.930 + 0.101 µg/g) and the highest amount of β-carotene in the pumpkin stem was detected in the Salicylic acid treatment under dark condition (0.234 + 0.018 µg/g). The carotenoid content varied in each treatment due to the adaptation of pumpkin plants with abiotic stress induced to them.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3842/57460
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carotenoid, Abiotic stress, Pumpkin plants
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: Dr rashidi othman
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 16:30
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2018 15:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57460

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year