IIUM Repository

Development of catalytic converter using low cost metal

Mohiuddin, A. K. M. (2014) Development of catalytic converter using low cost metal. In: International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering 2014 (ICAMME 2014), 23rd - 25th September 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (Unpublished)

[img] PDF (International Conference Paper)
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (239kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (234kB) | Request a copy


This paper discusses the uses of low cost metal for the development of catalytic converters. While bringing down the cost, attention must be paid on the performance capability of the catalytic converter. The objective of this work is to develop and design a low cost catalytic converter using copper as the main catalyst in the catalyst system. Copper powder was chosen as the alternative catalyst to reduce the use of precious group metals (PGMs) platinum, palladium, and rhodium. A spark ignition engine’s catalytic converter has to perform the oxidation of CO, oxidation of HC and reduction of NOx simultaneously in order to satisfy its performance requirement. These three chemical reactions are taking place simultaneously in a three way catalytic converter. To investigate the chemical kinetics and fluid flow characteristics of a catalytic converter, simulations have been carried out using COMSOL. From COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS, catalytic converter’s velocity field and pressure distribution have been simulated. From COMSOL REACTION ENGINEERING LAB, NO and CO concentration from a catalytic converter kinetics model have been plotted. NO and CO conversion for different air to fuel ratio had shown that for rich mixture, NO reduction reaches its maximum but CO oxidation is at its minimum. In lean mixture, CO oxidation is at its maximum but NO reduction is at its minimum. Simulations have shown the actual characteristics of the catalytic converter performance. The flow throughout catalytic converter and the backpressure have successfully determined and the catalyst conversion efficiency also shown clearly.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: 3628/38892
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalytic converter, performance capability, COMSOL, precious metals, simulation
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1 Motor vehicles
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. A K M Mohiuddin
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2014 11:08
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2018 09:52
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38892

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year