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The origin of the Arabs: a critical evaluation of the sources

Yaacob, Solehah@Nik Najah Fadilah (2014) The origin of the Arabs: a critical evaluation of the sources. Islamic Quarterly, 58 (2). pp. 95-127. ISSN 0021 - 1842

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Abstract

The research will therefore concentrate on the origins of the Arabs and their language at that time. Jawad Ali, the author of the Abridged History of the Arabs before Islam (Mufassal ta’rikh al­’arab qabl al­islam) suggests that the Arabs can be divided into three major groups; namely the ‘lost Arabs’ (al-‘arab al-bÉ‘idah), second the ’true Arabs’ (al-‘arab al-Ñaribah), and third the Arabized Arabs (al-‘arab al-mustaÑrabah). Evidence for this division is recorded in Ibn Ishaq’s and Ibn Hisham’s Biography of the Prophet (al­sirah al­nabawiyyah) and Tabari’s History of the Communities and Kingdoms (Ta’rikh al­umam wa­l­muluk). However, other scholars such as ‘Abd al­Salam al-Jumahi (a critic of early poetry) disagreed with Ibn Ishaq that poems by ÑAd and Thamud proved the existence of the Arabs as a people before the time of Prophet Ibrahim (a.s). The biographer Ibn NadÊm considered the verses cited by Ibn Ishaq as fraudulent and not genuine. It is a well-established fact that the corpus of ancient Arabic poetry had suffered a lot at the hands of forgers, plagiarists, misguided philologists, and dishonest narrators. For instance, a number of poems were falsely ascribed to HassÉn bin Thabit, Prophet`s poet. Thus, this study aims at examining and assessing the validity of the Muslim sources on the issue pertaining to the origins of Arabs as a people. Keywords: Controversy, Sources, Plagiarism, Poems, Critics

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2297/38674
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arab; evaluation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > PA Classical philology
P Language and Literature > PJ Semitic
P Language and Literature > PJ Semitic > PJ6001 Arabic
P Language and Literature > PJ Semitic > PJ6001 Arabic > PJ7501 Arabic literature
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Arabic Language and Literature
Depositing User: Dr. Solehah Yaacob
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 10:37
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 12:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38674

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