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Range of motion study of the hip and knee in prayer by Muslims: a preliminary report

Arshad, Ahmad Afiq and Johari, Muhammad Hafiz and Rahimin, Muhammad Ali Sajjad and Sharifudin, Mohd Ariff (2014) Range of motion study of the hip and knee in prayer by Muslims: a preliminary report. Research Report. International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Background and Objectives: Praying or solah, represent a paramount and fundamental activity of daily living in Muslim community. Muslims need to adopt several postures that require deep flexion of the knee and hip to perform this daily obligation. The increased in demand of joint flexion has been the focus of research into development of knee and hip replacement implants suitable for Asian Muslim population. However, there is a lack of data on normative range of motion studies pertaining to these joints in relation to the postures in prayer by the Muslims. The aim of this study is to simultaneously obtain normative passive and functional range of flexion data during prayer by Muslims in the knee and hip joints of normal adults. Methodology: 60 Malay men aged between 20 to 30 years were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Passive range of motion and flexion angles of the hip and knee joints in various postures during prayer were measured using a standard goniometer. The difference against existing normative range of motion database available and the influence of various factors formed the core matter of this study. Factors analyzed include body mass index (BMI), length of limbs, abdominal and limb circumferences. Results: The demographic and range of motion data were documented and presented as minimum and maximum range, mean, and standard deviation. The mean (SD) of the passive hip flexion and passive knee flexion were 141.3°(7.0) and 152.9°(4.7) respectively, which were higher compared to other existing normative range of motion database. The BMI demonstrated a significant correlation with the passive range of motion of the knee joint. The mean (SD) flexion angle of the left and right hip joints during three postures in prayer by Muslims; bowing (ruku’), prostration (sujood) and sitting (jalsah), were 74.3°(6.6) and 74.1°(6.2), 119.0°(9.4) and 118.1°(9.1), and 77.7°(5.1) and 77.3°(4.6) respectively. Similarly, the flexion for the said prayer postures in the bilateral knee joints were 3.3°(4.1) and 3.6°(4.0), 119.7°(7.1) and 115.8°(6.4), and 153.3°(5.6) and 153.8°(6.0) correspondingly. The hip and knee flexion arc in this study were from 74.1° to 119.0° and from 3.3° to 119.7° respectively for the young Malay male adults performing prayers. Conclusion: The ROM involved for prayers was more for the knee joint and less for the hip joint as compared to the measured passive ROM. This reflects that a higher knee flexion angle compared to hip flexion is necessary to attain the sitting postures. Defining the range of motion of hip and knee during prayers will satisfy the basic demands of Muslim patients undergoing arthroplasty surgery.

Item Type: Monograph (Research Report)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP176 The five duties of a Moslem. Pillars of Islam
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP188 Islamic religious life
R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM695 Physical medicine. Physical therapy
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2018 10:17
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2018 15:10
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38600

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