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Development of kenaf-glass reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite for structural applications

Afdzaluddin, Atiqah and Maleque, Md. Abdul and Jawaid, Mohammad and Iqbal, Mohammad (2014) Development of kenaf-glass reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite for structural applications. Composites: Part B: Engineering, 56. pp. 68-73. ISSN 1359-8368

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The main aim of this paper is to develop kenaf-glass (KG) fibres reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite on a source of green composite using sheet moulding compound process. Unsaturated polyester resin (UPE) and KG fibres in mat form were used at a ratio of 70:30 (by volume) with treated and untreated kenaf fibre. The kenaf fibre was treated with 6% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) diluted solution for 3 h using mercerization method. The hybrid composites were tested for flexural, tensile and Izod impact strength using ASTM D790-03, ASTM D618 and ASTM D256-04 standards respectively. The highest flexural, tensile and impact strength were obtained from treated kenaf with 15/15 v/v KG fibres reinforced UPE hybrid composite in this investigation. Scanning electron microscopy fractography showed fibre cracking, debonding and fibre pulled-out as the main fracture mode of composites and kenaf treated 15/15 v/v KG reinforced hybrid composite exhibited better interfacial bonding between the matrix and reinforcement compared to other combinations.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6103/32575
Uncontrolled Keywords: A. Fibres; A. Hybrid; B. Debonding; D. Fractography
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA164 Bioengineering
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > TN600 Metallurgy
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2013 15:02
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 12:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/32575

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