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Influence of preheating on performance of circular carbide inserts in end milling of carbon steel

A.K.M., Nurul Amin and Abraham, Irwan and Nor, Khairusshima and Ahmed, Mirghani Ishak (2007) Influence of preheating on performance of circular carbide inserts in end milling of carbon steel. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 185 (1-3). pp. 97-105. ISSN 0924-0136

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Circular inserts have much higher tool life as compared to conventional rectangular inserts because of their capability to be indexed through small angles for repeated use. Their only limitation is high chattering tendencies due to high contact length in conjunction with small uncut chip thickness. Experimental investigations were conducted to investigate the influence of preheating on performance of circular cemented carbides inserts in end milling operation of mild steel performed on vertical machining center (VMC) with rigid structure. Three TiN-coated circular cemented carbide inserts fitted on a 32 mm diameter tool were used in the experiments. Variable cutting parameters were cutting speed and feed. Depth of cut was kept constant at 1 mm. Performance of the inserts under room temperature and preheated machining was compared in terms of vibration stability, surface roughness, tool life and chip integrity. Vibration signals were recorded using an accelerometer type transducer and a Dual Channel Portable Signal Analyzer. The recorded signals were analyzed using the PULSE Labshop software. Surface roughness values were measured using a surface roughness measuring instrument-Mitutoyo Surfacetest model SJ-400. Worn tools and pitches of serrated chip teeth were studied under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). It was observed that during machining with and without preheating the main chatter frequencies remained practically constant and close to the natural frequencies of the system components while the amplitudes varied with cutting conditions. The amplitudes of chatter during preheating were found to be much lower than those during room temperature machining, as a result of which the surface roughness and tool wear were found to be much lower during preheated machining. The effect of chatter was also reflected on chip serration and segmentation. It was also observed that feed rate and cutting speed have considerable effect on surface roughness and tool wear in the cases of both hot and room temperature machining.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2872/29563
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chatter; Circular inserts; End milling; Machinability; Preheating
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2013 13:22
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2013 13:22
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/29563

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