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Development of kenaf hybrid composite for structural applications

Maleque, Md. Abdul and A., Atiqah and Iqbal, M. (2013) Development of kenaf hybrid composite for structural applications. In: IRIIE 2013, 19-20 February 2013, Cultural Activities Centre , International Islamic Univesity Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The main aim of this study is to develop light weight, eco-friendly and cheaper kenaf-glass (KG) fibers reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite on a source of green composite using sheet molding compound process. Unsaturated polyester resin (UPE) and KG fibers in mat form were used at a ratio of 70:30 (by volume) with treated and untreated kenaf fiber.. The hybrid composites were tested for flexural, tensile and Izod impact strength using ASTM D790-03, ASTM D618 and ASTM D256-04 standards respectively. The highest flexural, tensile and impact strength were obtained from treated kenaf with 15/15 v/v KG fibers reinforced UPE hybrid composite in this investigation. Scanning electron microscopy fractrography showed fiber cracking, debonding, fiber pulled-out and fiber tearing as the main fracture mode of composites and kenaf treated 15/15 v/v KG reinforced hybrid composite exhibited better interfacial bonding between the matrix and reinforcement compared to other combinations. Therefore, it can be claimed that the developed hybrid composite is light in weight, cheaper (as kenaf has been used to substitute high cost synthetic glass fibre) and eco-friendly which can be used for structural applications such as automotive, protective helmet, household and construction industry.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 6103/29291
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. M A Maleque
Date Deposited: 14 May 2013 08:59
Last Modified: 14 May 2013 08:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/29291

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