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Improvement of one factor at a time through design of experiments

Wahid, Zaharah and Nadir, Najiah (2012) Improvement of one factor at a time through design of experiments. World Applied Sciences Journal , 21. pp. 56-61. ISSN 1818-4952

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Abstract

Abstract: Experiments can discover many unexpected things and highlighted issues for further detailed study. The emerging of advanced products and processes are changing rapidly, customers are more demanding and product life-cycle and time to market are shrinking. In this environment engineers and scientists need a strategic approach to overcome this demand. Design of experiments (DOE) is the answer to these challenges. It allows a researcher to understand what happen to the output (response) when the settings of the input variables in a system are purposely changed. Unfortunately there are many scientists and engineers still practice the study one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT). DOE offers a number of advantages over the traditional OFAT approach to experimentation. One of the important advantages of DOE is that it has the ability to discover the presence of interaction between the factors of the process, while OFAT does not. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how DOE approach works. This paper describes a case study on rubber glove manufacturing process. It illustrates interaction between factors that cannot be found when varying only one factor at a time. Model that describes the relationships between the inputs and output variables were then developed and used to indicate areas where operations may be improved.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6526/27881
Uncontrolled Keywords: Analysis of variance , Fractional factorial , Replication , Blocking Optimization, randomization, Interaction , Regression ,Orthogonal , Resolution
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T55.4 Industrial engineering.Management engineering.
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T55.4 Industrial engineering.Management engineering. > T57 Applied mathematics. Quantitative methods. Operation research. System analysis
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Science
Depositing User: Dr. Zaharah Wahid
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2013 17:18
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 12:21
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/27881

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