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Synergistic effect on flexural properties of kenaf-glass hybrid composite

Afdzaluddin, Atiqah and Maleque, Md. Abdul and Iqbal, Mohammed (2013) Synergistic effect on flexural properties of kenaf-glass hybrid composite. Advanced Materials Research, 626. pp. 989-992. ISSN 1022-6680

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This paper presents the synergistic effect on flexural properties of kenaf-glass (KG) mat reinforced unsaturated polyester (UPE) hybrid composite which can compounded using sheet molding compound (SMC) process. The matrix is kept constant with 70 % volume fraction while kenaf and glass fibers were varied, such as 7.5/22.5 v/v, 15/15 v/v and 22.5/7.5 v/v. The 30 % kenaf and 30 % glass are also used for the preparation of composite materials. The kenaf mat was treated with 6% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) diluted solution for 3 hours. This mercerization process improved the interface by interacting with both the fiber and its matrix. The flexural test was performed using ASTM D790-03 standard. The study showed with the addition of kenaf and glass mat 15/15 v/v, the optimum flexural properties was obtained compared to other composition. This can be concluded that 15/15 v/v KG mat reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite is the most appropriate hybrid composite which can be considered for many engineering structural applications mainly in automotive panel, bottom structure and bumper beam.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6103/26900
Uncontrolled Keywords: Glass Fiber, Hybrid Composites, Kenaf Fiber, Synergistic Effect, Unsaturated Polyester
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T175 Industrial research. Research and development
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > TN600 Metallurgy
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2013 15:46
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2013 15:46
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/26900

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