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Application of permanent electromagnet for chatter control in end milling of Titanium alloy - Ti6Al4V

Amin, A. K. M. Nurul and Zakaria, Ahmad Farhan and -, Syadatul Akma (2011) Application of permanent electromagnet for chatter control in end milling of Titanium alloy - Ti6Al4V. In: Advanced Machining Towards Improved Machinability of Difficult-to-Cut Materials. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 99-106. ISBN 9789674181758

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Chatter is a vibration that occurs during machining operations resulting from instability of the cutting process with system responses of the spindle tool chuck system. One of the most challenging issues in machining process is to know the chatter characteristics. The main problem with chatter is that its mechanics is still not yet fully understood. Chatter is inconsistent in character, making it difficult to analyze and predict. This research work investigates the performance of permanent magnet in suppressing the chatter phenomena in end milling operation. An experiment is designed based on response surface methodology (RSM) approach using DESIGN EXPERT software. The experiments are done under two different conditions. The first condition is without the presence of magnet while the other is with the presence of magnet. Titanium alloy (ti-6al-4v) WAS used as a work material. Chatter or vibration with high amplitude appears in the system during end milling at cutting speed 70 m/min when the frequency of chip formation instability, associated with the formation of serrate chip. Cutting under the existence of magnet did suppress the chatter about 40% and the surface roughness is much better and smoother with the magnet compared to the cutting under room temperature in general.Machining of metal is usually accompanied by a violent relative vibration between work and tool, known as chatter. Chatter arises as a result of resonance caused by the interaction of the vibrations due to the instability of chip formation and natural vibrations of the system components. Campa et al. [1] described chatter as a dynamic problem at high removal rate condition. In addition Quintana et al. [2] specified that chatter can be obviously predicted from the loud noise and the poor surface integrity due to the chatter mark. In machining process, there are some problems that propagate the end of result especially in metal cutting. Y. Altintas and Philips K. Chan [3] stated that one of the major limitations on productivity in metal cutting is chatter vibration, which cause poor surface finish and tool damage. Kim et al. [4] explained that most of the drawbacks comes from chatter is causes excessive tool wear, noise, tool breakage, and deterioration of the surface quality. According to Patwari et al. [5] chatter is a very important phenomenon that needs to be taken into consideration whenever machining process is being performed. Amin et al. [6] and Patwari et al. [7] found that the root cause of chatter lies in the coincidence of the frequency of instability of chip formation with one of the natural frequencies of the machine-spindle-tool system components during end milling machining operation There have been several attempts in increasing the stability limit in cutting. Opitz and Bemardi [8] developed a general closed lobes representation of dynamic machining operation that can be applied to both turning and milling. Stone [9] extended the nonuniform pitch concept by proposing end mills with a different helix on adjacent flutes. Alternating the helix increased the pitch variations along the axial depth of cut hence both the chatter free performance and the speed range were improved. Shi and Tobias [10] considered the effects of two non linear phenomena and proposed a theory of finite amplitude machine tool instability. The analysis is continued by Minis et al. [11] by applying the theory of periodic differential equations on the milling dynamic equations. This method was applied to a theoretical milling system to predict the critical depth of cut for chatter free milling under various rotational speeds. The chatter phenomenon actually can be suppressed by some of methods. Nakagawa et al [12] showed that end mill with different helix angles could prevent generative chatter vibration at lower cutting speeds and was also effective in suppressing chatter vibration at higher cutting speed. On the other hand, a laser Doppler vibrometer has recently been developed to observe such high frequency vibration phenomena. Furthermore, a fuzzy logic approach for chatter suppression in end milling process is discussed by M. Liang, T. Yeap and A. Hermansyah et al. [13]. Chatter is detected using the peak sound spectrum amplitudes at chatter frequency ranges. In this study, the presence of permanent magnet is investigated in suppressing the chatter phenomenon in end milling operation.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 2872/23592
Uncontrolled Keywords: Titanium alloy
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2012 15:14
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2012 09:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23592

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