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Application of permanent electromagnet for chatter control in end milling of medium carbon steel

Amin, A. K. M. Nurul and Ali Asharariff, Mohd Amar and -, Syadatul Akma (2011) Application of permanent electromagnet for chatter control in end milling of medium carbon steel. In: Advanced Machining Towards Improved Machinability of Difficult-to-Cut Materials. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 91-97. ISBN 9789674181758

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In machining process, the machine, cutting and the work piece are integrated to form structural systems which create a dynamic characteristic. Soliman, Ismail [1] observed that vibration can be divided into three types, free vibrations, force vibrations and self-excited vibrations (chatter). As in this project, the focus is more on the chatter that contribute for the tool wear during the machining of material under certain conditions of cutting processes. Chatter is an abnormal tool behavior which it is one of the most critical problems in machining process and must be avoided to improve the dimensional accuracy and surface quality of the product. Chatter is originated from the disturbance that occur in the cutting zone to lack of homogeneity between surface of the work piece, change in the types chips being produced or change in the frictional conditions at the tool-chip interface influenced by cutting fluids being used. The forces then strain the structure elastically and can cause a relative displacement between tool and work piece. The theory of chatter quoted by Budak, E, and Altintas Y. [2,3] suggested the chatter as a coupling vibration phenomenon between the workpiece and tool. Wiercigrocch M. and Budak [4] states that mode of coupling resulted from the vibration in the thrust force direction generate vibration in the thrust and cutting force direction. However, Amin and Anayet [5] found that the root cause of chatter lies in the coincidence of the frequency of instability of chip formation with one of the natural frequencies of the machine-spindle-tool system components during end milling machining operation. Kim et al. [6] explained that most of the drawbacks that come from chatter are excessive tool wear, noise, tool breakage, and deterioration of the surface quality. Moreover chatter also results in reduced material removal rate (MRR), increased costs in terms of time, materials and energy, as well as the environmental impact of dumping non-valid final parts and having to repeat the manufacturing process as quoted from Quintana et al. [7]. The chatter phenomenon actually can be suppressed by some of methods. Nakagawa et al [8] showed that end mill with different helix angles could prevent generative chatter vibration at lower cutting speeds and was also effective in suppressing chatter vibration at higher cutting speed. On the other hand, a laser Doppler vibrometer has recently been developed to observe such high frequency vibration phenomena. Furthermore, a fuzzy logic approach for chatter suppression in end milling process is discussed by M. Liang, T. Yeap and A. Hermansyah [9]. Chatter is detected using the peak sound spectrum amplitudes at chatter frequency ranges. For this research, the study is mainly focused to investigate the chatter amplitude effect on surface roughness at various cutting conditions with during end milling operation of medium carbon steel.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 2872/23591
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon Steel
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2012 15:44
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2012 09:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23591

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