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Role of the frequency of secondary serrated teeth in chatter formation during turning of carbon steel AISI 1040 and stainless steel

Amin, A. K. M. Nurul and Nashron, F. R. and Zubaire, W. W. D. (2011) Role of the frequency of secondary serrated teeth in chatter formation during turning of carbon steel AISI 1040 and stainless steel. In: Advanced Machining Towards Improved Machinability of Difficult-to-Cut Materials. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 57-64. ISBN 9789674181758

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High metal removal rate with a desired quality of surface finish is the ultimate objective in machining, but it depends on a large number of factors, which include chip-tool interaction, cutting temperature, wear mechanism and wear rate, cutting force, chatter and dynamics behavior of the machine tool system. Chatter causes instability of the machine tool system. Though there has been a large number of works on identifying the causes of chatter and its behavior there is still no congruence of opinion on the causes of chatter formation and hence there is a need for further studies to identify the physical causes of chatter so that the issue of chatter control can be addressed more effectively. Taylor was the first to suggest that vibration during the cutting of metals was due to force variations created by periodic shearing in chip formation [1]. In the beginning, the question was to decide whether fluctuations during the cutting process are a result of vibration in the system or the cutting process itself has an inherent natural periodicity. If the latter were the case, then even with an infinitely rigid machine-tool-workpiece system, force fluctuations and thus vibrations would be observed. Available evidence suggests that this is the case. There are inherent features of the cutting process that make it periodic. Among the types of inherent fluctuations in metal cutting are built-up-edge (BUE) formation, chip segmentation, element and discontinuous chip formation. Kuznetsov [2], Shteinberg [3], Kudinov [4], considered that the vibration caused by the BUE is responsible for chatter. However, the natural frequencies of the system were significantly higher than the frequencies of buolt-up-edge. Moreover it is not explained why chatter also exists at relatively higher cutting speeds where BUE is absent. Eliasberg [5] considered that the cause of chatter is the formation of a crack in the chip above the tool point when viewed using a video camera from the side of the chip. However, Loladze [6] established that at higher cutting speeds, the chip fully adheres to the tool surface. As such, there cannot be any cracks formed at the tool point at those cutting speed ranges. Doi [7], Doi and Kato [8], and later Kato [9] and Tashlickii [10] concluded that chatter was established primarily due to a phase lag of the cutting force with respect to the fluctuation of chip thickness. However Smith [11] and Smith and Tobias [12] suggested that the findings by Doi and Kato [8] and later by Tashlickii [10] found a force phase lag only because the frequency of fluctuations was low. Tobias [13] was the first to mention about the chip-thickness variation effect i.e. the regenerative effect. He proposed that this effect occurs with single-edged tools, such as lathe tools, when the cutting edge of the tool traverses a wavy surface on the work generated by the previous cut. However, Amin [14] concluded based his experimental investigations that during turning there is an inherent instability of metal cutting process as a result of the formation of secondary serrated teeth at the free edge of the chip and that the natural frequencies of two system components namely, the spindle-work system and the tool holder, played significant role in exciting chatter during turning operation.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 2872/23587
Uncontrolled Keywords: stainless steel
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2012 15:08
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2012 14:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23587

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