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Machinability aspects in heat assisted machining of hardened steel AISI H13 using coated carbide tool

Amin, A. K. M. Nurul and Mokhtar, Suhaily and Ab. Razak, Nur Hayati (2011) Machinability aspects in heat assisted machining of hardened steel AISI H13 using coated carbide tool. In: Advanced Machining Towards Improved Machinability of Difficult-to-Cut Materials. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 27-33. ISBN 9789674181758

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AISI H13 tool steel is one of the major hardened materials used extensively for making hot working moulds and dies, because of favourable combination of their mechanical and thermal properties. However, these enhanced properties, especially high hardness make them very difficult to machine using conventional techniques. In the current project a technique of workpiece heat assisted machining was adopted as a possible means of improving machinability of the material. Machining was conducted on a vertical machining centre using TiAlN coated carbide inserts and heating of the workpiece was carried out using an induction heater. An online vibration monitoring system was used to record the vibration signals during machining. Comparison between room temperature and heat assisted machining was then made in terms of tool wear and life, surface finish and chatter/vibration. It was found that tool life was higher under heat assisted machining condition. Heat assisted machining also yielded lower surface roughness and lower amplitudes of chatter during machining. AISI H13 tool steel is a widely used material in mould and die making industry, because of its high hardness and ability to sustain severe operating condition. The other properties that make H13, as an inevitable material for mould and die are high resistance to deformation and breaking under high loads, high hardness at elevated temperature and high wear resistant. However, these properties of H13 do possess some of unfavourable effect in terms of machining process. For this, enhancement of machinability of H13 tool steel drew the attention of many researchers and metal cutting scientist. Despite the importance of end milling operation for the manufacturing of mould and die, most of the research work concentrated mainly on the turning operation of H13 tool. In this perspective, the current study adopted preheating as a technique to enhance machinability of H13. The industrial adoption of hard machining was made during the last decade with the improvement of cutting tool material, coating technologies and advanced machining techniques. Generally, hard machining involves the machining of material with a hardness value over 45 HRC. Hard machining has provides a significant cost or lead-time reduction in comparison to traditional route processes. Moreover, adoption of hard machining technique has been the requirement for further improved dimension tolerances in cutting operation. In addition to this, hard machining provides the elimination of distortion due to heat treatment from the process of traditional route processes. Zaima, Shigeo. Takeda, Hirohisa. Morishita, Sadamu (1974) reported a number of advantages of hot machining of cast high silicon aluminum alloys. It can produce comparable surface finish as in abrasive super finishing up to 0.4 μm in average roughness value (CR. Liu and S. Mittal, 1995). This innovative process not only has great potential to save significant cost, to increase production flexibility, and to reduce the pollution due to dry cutting, but also yields parts with higher surface quality and longer service life (CR. Liu and S. Mittal, 1996). Akira et al (2005) compared the performance of CBN and TiAlN coated carbide-cutting tools in milling hardened carbon steel and recommended the TiAlN coated carbide tool for low-speed hard milling. It was also observed that the hardness of workpiece had a great influence on the cutting temperature. In this context, the main objective of this work was to make a comparison on the effectiveness in machining hardened steel AISI H13 under room temperature and preheated condition in terms of tool life, surface finish and vibration and chatter amplitude.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 2872/23583
Uncontrolled Keywords: hardened steel AISI H13
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2012 15:07
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2012 16:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23583

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