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Optimization of the extraction process parameter for kenaf seeds oil to obtain high oil yield

Amid, Azura and Jamal, Parveen and Mohamad, Nurul Elyani and Engku Abdullah, Engku Hasmah (2011) Optimization of the extraction process parameter for kenaf seeds oil to obtain high oil yield. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 11-16. ISBN 9789674181444

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Abstract

Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) from the family of Malvaceae is a valuable fibre plant native to India and Africa. Kenaf is composed of various active components including tannins, polyphenolics, alkaloids, essential oils and steroids. In this study, kenaf seeds variety Khon kaen was used as a material in finding the optimum parameter in extracting seed oil that give the highest oil yield. Seeds were extracted using Soxhlet (control) and Supercritical Fluid Extractor (SFE). Extraction was performed at different temperature (40 to 80°C) and pressure (200 to 600 bars), respectively. Among these two parameters, temperature at 60°C shows the highest impact on the oil yield while the pressure at 600 bar is still not enough to obtain high oil yield.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 3688/20906
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf seeds oil, oil yiled, Supercritical Fluid Extractor (SFE)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Azura Amid
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2012 14:22
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2012 14:24
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/20906

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