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Unconfined compressive strength prediction of stabilized expansive clay soil using machine learning techniques

Ahmad, Mahmood and Al-Mansob, Ramez Al-Ezzi Abduljalil and Ramli, Ahmad Bukhari and Ahmad, Feezan and Jehan Khan, Beenish (2023) Unconfined compressive strength prediction of stabilized expansive clay soil using machine learning techniques. Multiscale and Multidisciplinary Modeling, Experiments and Design. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2520-8160 E-ISSN 2520-8179 (In Press)

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This paper evaluates the potential of machine learning techniques, namely, Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) and Support Vector Machine (SVM), for the prediction of unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of expansive clay soil treated with hydrated-lime-activated rice husk ash. A laboratory dataset containing 121 records has been used with input parameters, including hydrated-lime-activated rice husk ash, liquid limit, plastic limit, plastic index, optimum moisture content, clay activity, and maximum dry density. The performances of the GPR and SVM models are assessed using statistical metrics, including the coefficient of determination (R2), mean absolute error (MAE), root-mean-square error (RMSE), relative rootmean-square error (RRMSE), and performance indicator (ρ). The analysis of the R2 together with MAE, RMSE, RRMSE, and ρ values for the UCS demonstrates that the SVM and GPR models achieved better prediction results, i.e., R2 0.9998, MAE 0.0514, RMSE 0.1408, and ρ 0.0004 and R2 0.9998,MAE 0.3430, RMSE 0.4455, and ρ 0.0011, respectively, as compared to the artificial neural network model recently developed in the literature with (R2 0.9900, MAE 0.3500, RMSE 4.9300, RRMSE 0.2000, and ρ 0.1000) in test phase, which indicates that both models are efficient and reliable for practical applications. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis result shows that maximum dry density was the key parameter affecting the UCS.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Expansive soil · Gaussian process regression · Support vector machine · Unconfined compressive strength
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Ramez Al-Mansob
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2023 11:59
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2023 11:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/106975

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