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Development of a framework on prohibition of adulterating surimi products with animal plasma: a qualitative research approach

Mohd Sukri, Siti Jamilah and Ahmad Fadzillah, Nurrulhidayah and Mat Jubri@Shamsuddin, Mustafa and Rohman, Abdul (2022) Development of a framework on prohibition of adulterating surimi products with animal plasma: a qualitative research approach. Islamiyyat :The International Journal of Islamic Studies, 44 (2). pp. 3-27. ISSN 0126-5636 E-ISSN 2600-8556

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The adulteration of commercial food products with muharramat (prohibited) ingredients exposes Muslims of the present time to food fraud. One of the muharramat sources is animal plasma food grade powder in surimi products. This adulteration using prohibited substance is regarded as a critical halal issue that should be addressed to strengthen the justification for its prohibited status. The current study employs a qualitative approach using semi-structured interview data with Shariah experts, Halal executives, and food technologists as the main source of data collection, and a literature review as supportive argument. The application of thematic analysis to analyze the collected data enabled the identification of the main themes and sub-themes of the interview data. Based on the results, the identified main themes are: the principles of Istihlak fasidah (imperfect transformation), Istishab (presumption of continuity), and Maslahah (preservation of public interest); while the identified several sub-themes are: the involvement of human intervention, the residual traces of animal plasma properties in/the end product, and the prohibition of spilled-out blood that is attributed to all of the blood components, as supportive arguments to justify the reasons for Istihlak fasidah (imperfect transformation) process. Last but not least, several principles of Qawaid Fiqhiyyah (Islamic Legal Maxim) become part of the identified sub-themes applied by the interviewees to enhance the prohibited status. Subsequently, a framework is presented to visually present the data to clarify the interrelatedness of the identified themes. The research findings can potentially contribute signigicant knowledge to the Contemporary Fiqh Consumerism field, particularly in understanding the issue of intentionally adulterating halal with non-halal sources. The developed framework also meets the criteria of future new research since no comprehensive study has been conducted to highlight the prohibition of using animal plasma in food products.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adulteration; Animal Plasma; Istihlak; Maslahah; Qualitative
Subjects: BPC Science and Technology in Islam
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH114.3 Halal industry science
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH121 Animal products. Halal issues
BPK Islamic law. Shari'ah. Fiqh > BPK36 Islamic law (General) > BPK78 Usul al-fiqh > BPK109 Sources of Islamic law > BPK121 Ijtihad > BPK125 Applicability of Ijtihad. Instances of application
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Fiqh and Usul al-Fiqh
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Mustafa Mat Jubri @ Shamsuddin
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2022 14:30
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2022 14:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/101707

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