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Sustainable production of furan-based oxygenated fuel additives from pentose-rich biomass residues

Ahmad, Farah and Kalam, M.A. and Zhang, Zhanying and Masjuki, Haji Hassan (2022) Sustainable production of furan-based oxygenated fuel additives from pentose-rich biomass residues. Energy Conversion and Management: X, 14 (100222). ISSN 2590-1745 (In Press)

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The emission of carbon monoxide, greenhouse gases (e.g., carbon dioxides), hydrocarbon, and particulate matter can be reduced by applying oxygenated additives as a blend to combustible hydrocarbon fuels. However, conventional oxygenates, such as dimethyl ether and methyl t-butyl ether, are sourced from non-renewable feedstocks. This study presents a critical review on the catalytic synthesis of furanic compounds, as an alternative to the conventional oxygenated fuels, from highly abundant lignocellulosic biomass (LCB). This study aims to evaluate the potential of production of furan-based oxygenated fuel additives (e.g., 2-methyl furan, 2-methyl tetrahydrofuran, alkyl levulinates, ethylfurfuryl ether, ethyl tetrahydrofurfuryl ether, tetrahydrofurans) from LCB via the C5-sugars pathway (through furfural); the fuel properties and the performance of furanic fuels in SI or CI engine. The review showed that selecting solvents and catalysts is critical in improving the yield of furanic compounds and reducing the generation of intermediates. The biphasic system for the one-pot conversion of LCB (dehydration and hydrogenation) into furans could facilitate the final product separation and improve final product yield. The combination of Brønsted/Lewis acid catalysts or heterogenous catalysts is promising for effectively converting LCB (alcoholysis) into alkyl levulinates. The use of biomass-based furan fuel additives could potentially have a substantial positive impact on the life cycle analysis of furan/fuel blends due to the availability of lignocellulosic biomass-based feedstocks and improving the sustainability of fuel additives synthesis sourced from LCB waste

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biorefinery, Furan, Fuel additive, Lignocellulosic biomass, Oil palm empty fruit bunch, Oxygenate
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ163.26 Energy conservation
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ751 Miscellaneous motors and engines. Including gas, gasoline, diesel
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ807 Renewable energy sources
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Farah Binti Ahmad
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 09:53
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2022 16:48
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/97743

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