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Ibn Khaldūn’s concept of science of crafts (‘Ilm al-ṣanā’i‘) and the discourse of the integration of knowledge

Mohd Amin, Wan Mohd Azam (2022) Ibn Khaldūn’s concept of science of crafts (‘Ilm al-ṣanā’i‘) and the discourse of the integration of knowledge. Al-Itqan: Journal of Islamic Sciences and Comparative Studies, 6 (1). pp. 31-48. E-ISSN 2600-8432

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Abstract

This paper examines the concept of science of crafts of Ibn Khaldūn (806/1406) and its relation to the discourse of the integration of knowledge of the classical Muslim scholars. In-depth analysis on his works, studies have found thatIbn Khaldūn divides human knowledge ( ̳ilm al-bashar) into ̳ulūm al-naqlī al-waḍ„iyyahor ̳ulūm al-shar„iyyahand ̳ulūm al-ḥikmiyyah al-falsafiyyah, both of which are the acquisition (muktasib) of man‘s perception (idrāk) in the soul. Ibn Khaldūn‘s sciences of craft seem to be the manifestation of integration between revealed knowledge and intellectual knowledge that take place in the soul. This also goes in line with the concept of ethics of al-Ghazālī who emphasizes the purification of soul so as to manifest noble habits. Furthermore, it also falls under the category of permissible (al-mubāḥ) sciences of al-Ghazālī‘s (d. 505/1111) classification of knowledge. Moreover, unlike al-Ghazālī who discusses ethics of the other-world (al-ākhirah) only, Ibn Khaldūngoes a step further by developing the sciences of craft as the scientific ethics of this world under his concept of civilization ( ̳umrān)

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 443/97082
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ibn Khaldūn, Science of Crafts, classification of knowledge, integration of knowledge, Islamic Epistemology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics > BJ1188 Religious ethics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Usul al-Din and Comparative Religion
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Depositing User: Assoc.Prof W Mohd Azam Mohd Amin
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 17:16
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 17:16
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/97082

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