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Review on solvent extraction methods of Lignin from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (OPEFB)

Pairon, Mohammad Shahrizad and Ali, Fathilah and Ahmad, Farah and Anuar, Hazleen and Abdul Rahman, Nurul Amirah and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Suhr, Jonghwan and Thomas, Sabu (2022) Review on solvent extraction methods of Lignin from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches (OPEFB). Journal of Natural Fibers. ISSN 1544-0478 E-ISSN 1544-046X (In Press)

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A large amount of crude palm oil production in South East Asia (SEA) is causing the production of a vast amount of agricultural waste from the palm oil industry. Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is one of the agricultural wastes with high lignocellulose content. Lignin is the lignocellulose component that has the potential to be used as fuel for energy production and as a filler in composite materials. This review provides information on the solvent extraction methods used such as alkaline treatment, organosolv treatment, and deep eutectic solvent treatment to extract the lignin from lignocellulose OPEFB. The extracted lignin from different solvent extraction methods also gave different properties of lignin. In conjunction with that, catalyst and enzyme have been used to overcome the limitations of solvent extraction methods.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil palm empty fruit bunches; lignin; alkaline treatment; organosolv treatment; deep eutectic solvent treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Fathilah Ali
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2022 09:12
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 10:56
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/96631

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