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Anatomy education environment measurement inventory (AEEMI): a cross-validation study in Malaysian medical schools

Hadie, Siti Nurma Hanim and Yusoff, Muhamad Saiful Bahri and Ariffin, Wan Nor and Kasim, Fazlina and Mohd Ismail, Zul Izhar and Asari, Mohd Asnizam and Abdul Manan@Sulong, Husnaida and Hassan, Asma' and Tg Muda, Tg Fatimah Murniwati and Abu Bakar, Yasrul Izad and Mohd Zamin, Rasheeda and Mohd Ramli, Elvy Suhana and Hod, Rafidah and Talip, Saiful Bahri and Ku Mohd Noor, Ku Mastura and Yusoff Azmi Merican, Yusoff Sharizal and Azmi, Muhammad Fairuz and Abdul Latiff, Atikah and Rushaidhi, Madihah (2021) Anatomy education environment measurement inventory (AEEMI): a cross-validation study in Malaysian medical schools. BMC Medical Education, 21 (50). ISSN 1472-6920

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Background: The Anatomy Education Environment Measurement Inventory (AEEMI) evaluates the perception of medical students of educational climates with regard to teaching and learning anatomy. The study aimed to cross-validate the AEEMI, which was previously studied in a public medical school, and proposed a valid universal model of AEEMI across public and private medical schools in Malaysia. Methods: The initial 11-factor and 132-item AEEMI was distributed to 1930 pre-clinical and clinical year medical students from 11 medical schools in Malaysia. The study examined the construct validity of the AEEMI using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Results: The best-fit model of AEEMI was achieved using 5 factors and 26 items (χ 2 = 3300.71 (df = 1680), P < 0.001, χ 2/df = 1.965, Root Mean Square of Error Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.018, Goodness-of-fit Index (GFI) = 0.929, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.962, Normed Fit Index (NFI) = 0.927, Tucker–Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.956) with Cronbach’s alpha values ranging from 0.621 to 0.927. Findings of the cross-validation across institutions and phases of medical training indicated that the AEEMI measures nearly the same constructs as the previously validated version with several modifications to the item placement within each factor. Conclusions: These results confirmed that variability exists within factors of the anatomy education environment among institutions. Hence, with modifications to the internal structure, the proposed model of the AEEMI can be considered universally applicable in the Malaysian context and thus can be used as one of the tools for auditing and benchmarking the anatomy curriculum.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anatomy education environment, Learning environment, Educational climate, Validity, Reliability
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: Dr. Yusoff Sharizal Yusoff Azmi Merican
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2022 14:25
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2022 14:25
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/95919

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