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Application of house of quality in the conceptual design of batik wax extruder and printer

Mohd Asri, Nurul Anissa and Abdul Hamid, Abd. Malek and Shaffiar, Norhashimah and Sukindar, Nor Aiman and Syed Shaharuddin, Sharifah Imihezri and Hassan, Farid Syazwan (2022) Application of house of quality in the conceptual design of batik wax extruder and printer. IIUM Engineering Journal, 23 (1). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1511-788X E-ISSN 2289-7860

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Malaysian batik production is dominated by two techniques known as hand-drawn batik or batik tjanting, and stamp batik, or batik block. In comparison to batik block, the more popular batik tjanting takes a longer time to produce. A Standardized Nordic Questionnaire (SNQ) for musculoskeletal symptom examination involving batik artisans in Kelantan and Terengganu identified high rates of musculoskeletal disorders in respondents due to their working posture during the batik tjanting process. It was also observed that the number of workers and artisans willing to participate in the traditional batik industry is on the decline. These problems have led to a systematic Quality Functional Deployment approach to facilitate the decision-making process for the conceptual design of an automatic batik printer. In this study, house of quality (HOQ) was applied to identify the critical features for a batik printer based on the voice of the customer (VOC). A survey was done to rate the importance of VOC using an 8-point Likert scale revealed that the batik practitioners topmost priority for the batik printer feature is the 'ability to adjust and maintain the temperature of wax' (17.54%) while the non-batik practitioners chose 'ability to deliver a variety of complex designs' (15.94%). The least required feature for the batik printer was related to the size of the batik printer. The mapping between customer requirements (VOC) and technical requirements identified that the extruder design (21.3%), the heating element (18%), and nozzle diameter (17.8%) were the most critical components for the batik printer. Several conceptual designs of the extrusion unit, cartesian-based batik printer, and 2D image conversion using open-sourced software were proposed at the end of this work.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4586/95045
Uncontrolled Keywords: Batik, house of quality (HOQ), conceptual design, extruder, batik printer
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Internatio Sharifah Imihezri Syed
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2022 10:38
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 15:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/95904

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