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Development and validation of the Screen Dependency Scale (SDS) among pre-school children

Abdul Hadi, Azwanis and Roslan, Siti Ruziana and Mohammad Aidid, Edre and Abdullah, Nurzulaikha (2021) Development and validation of the Screen Dependency Scale (SDS) among pre-school children. In: 23RD FAMILY MEDICINE SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE, Kuala Lumpur.

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Introduction: Excessive screen time in young children is associated with many harmful consequences including screen dependency. Research have shown worrying prevalence of media related dependency among adolescents but questionnaires among pre-school children specifically is lacking which explains the paucity of data in this group. This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess screen dependency among pre-school children aged 4 to 6 years old. Methods: A cross sectional 2-phase study was carried out. During Phase 1, a preliminary parent report measure questionnaire was developed in Bahasa Malaysia. It was sent to four experts for content validity followed by face validity. In Phase 2, a total of 386 parents of pre-school children aged 4 to 6 years old, split into two samples, were involved in the field study for exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results: Sample 1 was used to perform EFA to determine the factorial structure of the SDS. All items with factor loading of > 0.4 were included. Sample 2 was used to perform the CFA and RMSEA, GFI and CFI analysis showed that the SDS has a good fit and confirms the dimensional structure found via EFA. The final questionnaire consists of 15 items with 4 factors structure and has an excellent internal consistency reliability of 0.899. Conclusion: The Screen Dependency Scale (SDS) is a reliable and valid questionnaire to detect screen dependency among pre�school children ages 4 to 6 years old in Malaysia

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 6538/95846
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2021 12:06
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2021 12:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/95846

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