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Microwave-assisted synthesis of polylactic acid-diol for polyurethane as biodegradable packaging material

Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Ali, Fathilah and Razali, N I M and Ismail, T N M T Ismail and Omar, M Firdaus (2021) Microwave-assisted synthesis of polylactic acid-diol for polyurethane as biodegradable packaging material. In: 6th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2021), 22-23 June 2021, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Since its discovery, plastic has been a part of human life and is widely employed in our daily lives. Excessive use of plastic has raised pollution rates around the world, with plastic ending up in landfills or the sea, posing a threat to both terrestrial and aquatic life. Considering this problem, the widespread use of polyurethanes (PUs) in many industries has resulted in unavoidable PUs pollution in everyday life. A reaction involving prepolymer, isocyanate, and polyol can be used to make PUs. Petroleum-based polyol and vegetable oil-based polyol are the two types of polyols available. Isocyanate will become the hard domain of the polymer in the PUs polymer chain, while polyol will become the soft domain. Polylactic acid-diol is the prepolymer used to make PU (PLA-diol). PLA-diol was previously made using a traditional heating approach, which takes a long time. To overcome this traditional method, microwave-assisted synthesis is proposed to synthesize the PLA-diol. The synthesis process involved synthesizing PLA-diol at different microwave power (450W – 900W) and at different reaction times (1 hour – 2 hours). The peak of the hydroxyl group in synthesized PLA-diol was characterized via the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) characterization to determine the functional groups of PLA-diol and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) characterization was done to determine the molecular weight of PLA-diol. The resulting PLA-diol will then be used to synthesis biodegradable PUs in the subsequence study.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis Polylactic Acid-Diol Polyurethane Biodegradable FTIR Spectroscopy
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: A Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2021 10:12
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2021 10:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/95216

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