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Reinforcement of Polylactic acid (PLA) biocomposite with lignin from oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) for 3D printing application

Pairon, Mohammad Shahrizad and Ali, Fathilah and Anuar, Hazleen and Ahmad, Farah and Jonghwan, Suhr and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed (2021) Reinforcement of Polylactic acid (PLA) biocomposite with lignin from oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) for 3D printing application. In: 6th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2021), 22-23 June 2021, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Polylactic acid (PLA) has been used as an additive material in 3D printing due to its toxic-free and environmentally friendly property. Lignin with complex and branched chemical structures had been used as a filler to improve the mechanical strength of PLA. The availability of oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) in Malaysia had made this material a good source for lignin extraction. Thus, in this research, we aim to study the mechanical strength of PLA biocomposite material with reinforcement of lignin from OPEFB. The lignin was extracted by 1,4- dioxane with hydrochloric acid as a catalyst. The recovery of lignin from extraction solvent was done by precipitation. The lignin was successfully extracted from OPEFB with 9.04% of lignin extraction yield. The PLA/lignin bio-composite filament with 0.1% (w/w) lignin was performed by filament extruder and then used for 3D printing. The prepared sample in the form of filament and 3D printed material was characterized for mechanical strength and surface morphology. The Young’s modulus, ultimate strength and elongation at break of the PLA/lignin bio-composite sample had increased 11%, 7% and 10% respectively. After the filament was used for 3D printing, the reduction of mechanical strength had been observed. The morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed the presence of lignin on the fracture surface of PLA biocomposite material. Apart from that, the interlayer adhesion had been observed in the 3D printed PLA/lignin bio-composite that caused the drop in mechanical strength of the material.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Fathilah Ali
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2021 16:39
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2021 16:39
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/95114

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