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Unmanned aerial vehicles for crowd monitoring and analysis

Husman, Muhammad Afif and Albattah, Waleed and Zainal Abidin, Zulkifli and Mohd Mustafah, Yasir and Kadir, Kushsairy and Habib, Shabana and Islam, Muhammad and Khan, Sheroz (2021) Unmanned aerial vehicles for crowd monitoring and analysis. Electronics, 10 (23). pp. 1-18. ISSN 2079-9292

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Crowd monitoring and analysis has become increasingly used for unmanned aerial vehicle applications. From preventing stampede in high concentration crowds to estimating crowd density and to surveilling crowd movements, crowd monitoring and analysis have long been employed in the past by authorities and regulatory bodies to tackle challenges posed by large crowds. Conventional methods of crowd analysis using static cameras are limited due to their low coverage area and non-flexible perspectives and features. Unmanned aerial vehicles have tremendously increased the quality of images obtained for crowd analysis reasons, relieving the relevant authorities of the venues’ inadequacies and of concerns of inaccessible locations and situation. This paper reviews existing literature sources regarding the use of aerial vehicles for crowd monitoring and analysis purposes. Vehicle specifications, onboard sensors, power management, and an analysis algorithm are critically reviewed and discussed. In addition, ethical and privacy issues surrounding the use of this technology are presented.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Uncontrolled Keywords: drones; crowd detection; crowd estimation; crowd dynamics
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Afif Bin Husman
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2021 14:33
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2021 14:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/94829

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