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Malaysia’s complex multi-level climate governance between institutionalization and non-state actor interventions

Zen, Irina Safitri and Mohamad, Zeeda F. (2021) Malaysia’s complex multi-level climate governance between institutionalization and non-state actor interventions. In: Governing Climate Change in Southeast Asia Critical Perspectives. ROUTLEDGE, UK, pp. 91-111. ISBN 9780367342555

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As a fast-industrialising emerging economy, Malaysia is highly dependent on fossil fuels – making it an increasingly significant contributor to global warming. Since 2009, the country has made a clear commitment to address the issue by introducing a dedicated climate change policy and multi-level governance strategy with a voluntary reduction target of up to 40 percent in terms of emissions intensity of GDP by 2020 compared to 2005 levels. Despite a promising institutional framework and governance strategy, Malaysia’s low carbon transition has been stymied by various factors. In this chapter, we reveal how Malaysia’s socio-economic and socio-political context has resulted in an uncertain environment to consistently implement the climate change policy and governance strategy as originally planned. However, the proactive response from the sub-national government, non-partisan efforts and cooperation by non-state actors such as the private sector and academia have played an important bridging and initiating role in contributing significantly during this period of political uncertainty. Through a case study of Malaysia’s experience in the implementation of green technology in the State Melaka and low-carbon cities in the State of Johor, we illustrate the dynamic role of state and non-state actors in filling the void and weaknesses in climate change governance.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 9079/94789
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Asst.Prof. Ts. Dr. Irina Safitri Zen
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2021 10:17
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2021 10:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/94789

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