IIUM Repository

Effect of different extraction methods on vitamin B12 from edible green seaweed, Ulva lactuca by 2-Level Factorial Design

Ruslan, Fatin Shazwani and Darnis, Deny Susanti and Mohammad Noor, Normawaty and Bakhtiar, M. Taher and Aminudin, Nurul Iman (2021) Effect of different extraction methods on vitamin B12 from edible green seaweed, Ulva lactuca by 2-Level Factorial Design. In: 7th International Conference on Advancement in Science & Technology, 24-26 August 2021, Virtual. (Unpublished)

Download (2MB) | Preview
Download (1MB) | Preview


Ulva lactuca has been known for its valuable biological properties such as antioxidant and antiviral due to the presence of several bioactive compounds like vitamins, polysaccharides, and lipids. In the present study, different extraction procedures of vitamin B12 were compared. Four types of dried U. lactuca (oven-dried, sun-dried, air-dried, freeze-dried) were subjected to three different extraction methods each (boiling, orbital shaking, and ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE)). Also, the effect of solvent:solvent (MeOH:H2O), solute:solvent ratio, and pH on the total vitamin B12 content were screened and statistically analysed using 2-Level Factorial design from RSM. The retention time (RT) from HPLC of all crude extracts were corresponded with the RT of standard cyanocobalamin (CN-Cbl) at 1.9 minutes. The extraction of CN-Cbl by orbital shaking gave insignificant (p > 0.05) result on the yield of CN-Cbl, compared to the boiling and UAE methods when oven-dried U. lactuca were extracted (p < 0.05). The highest concentration of CN-Cbl (0.0236 mg/mL) was recorded when extracted by UAE method at parameters of 25:75 % MeOH:H2O, pH 3, 3 g: 60 mL solute:solvent ratio. Statistically, the concentration of CN-Cbl increased significantly (p < 0.05) with decreasing MeOH:H2O, solute:solvent ratios and pH when U. lactuca was subjected to oven-dried drying method, and extracted using UAE method. Hence, these factors may be further optimised in the future research to extract a better yield of CN-Cbl.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Slide Presentation)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Seaweed; extraction; vitamin B12; 2-Level Factorial
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Dr Deny Susanti Darnis
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2021 09:26
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 09:26
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/91752

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year