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Screen-printed nickel–zinc batteries: a review of additive manufacturing and evaluation methods

Nazri, Muhamad Aiman and Lim, Lai Ming and Samsudin, Zambri and Tura Ali, Mohd Yusof and Mansor, Idris and Muhammad Irsyad Suhaimi, Muhammad Irsyad Suhaimi and Meskon, Shahrul Razi and Nordin, Anis Nurashikin (2021) Screen-printed nickel–zinc batteries: a review of additive manufacturing and evaluation methods. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, 8 (3). pp. 176-192. ISSN 2329-7662 E-ISSN 2329-7670

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The advent of personalized wearable devices has boosted the demand for portable, compact power sources. Compared with lithographic techniques, printed devices have lower fabrication costs, while still maintaining high throughput and precision. These factors make thick film printing or additive manufacturing ideal for the fabrication of low-cost batteries suitable for personalized devices. This article provides comprehensive guidelines for thick-film battery fabrication and characterization, with the focus on printed nickel–zinc (Ni-Zn) batteries. Ni-Zn batteries are a more environmental-friendly option compared with lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) as they are fully recyclable. In this work, important battery fundamentals have been described, especially terms of electrochemistry, basic design approaches, and the printing technology. Different design approaches, such as lateral, concentric, and stacked, are also discussed. Printed batteries can be configured as series or parallel constructions, depending on the power requirements of the application. The fabrication flow of printed battery electrodes for the laboratory-scale prototyping process starts from chemical preparation, mixing, printing, drying, pressing, stacking to finally sealing and testing. Of particular importance is the process of electrolyte injection and pouch sealing for the printed batteries to reduce leakage. This entire process flow is also compared with industrial fabrication flow for LIBs. Criteria for material and equipment selection are also addressed in this article to ensure appropriate electrode consistency and good performance. Two main testing methods cyclic voltammetry for the electrodes and charge–discharge for the battery are also explained in detail to serve as systematic guide for users to validate the functionality of their electrodes. This review article concludes with commercial applications of printed electrodes in the field of health and personalized wearable devices. This work indicates that printed Ni-Zn and other zinc alkaline batteries have a promising future. The success of these devices also opens up different areas of research, such as ink rheology, composition, and formulation of ink using sustainable sources.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: printed battery, nickel–zinc, printed battery design, battery fabrication, battery characterization
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Anis Nurashikin Nordin
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2021 14:11
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2021 14:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90220

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