IIUM Repository

Likert's 4-management system instrument psychometric properties - University management -Malaysia

Amzat, Ismail Hussein and Teslikhan, Muhajir and Walters, Lynne M. and Walters, Tim (2020) Likert's 4-management system instrument psychometric properties - University management -Malaysia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 28 (3). pp. 1621-1641. ISSN 0128-7702 E-ISSN 2231-8534

PDF - Published Version
Download (784kB) | Preview
PDF (SCOPUS) - Supplemental Material
Download (564kB) | Preview
PDF (WoS) - Supplemental Material
Download (589kB) | Preview


This current study revitalizes the spirit of research in the field of management, especially an education setting, by using Rasch analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to determine the reliability of Likert's management 4-system to measure organizational leadership style. Likert's instrument was tested on academic staff at five public universities in Malaysia to determine their perceptions of the management style used by administrators at their institutions. The instrument was tested from 2014 to 2016, with 1114 faculty members in various disciplines participating. Results indicated that the item and person reliability were (0.99 & 0.87) and the item and person separation indexes were (12.08 & 2.62). All items for management styles yielded infit MNSQ values that ranged from 0.66 to 1.44, and outfit MNSQ values of 0.68 to 1.47 respectively. CFA was run and checked for four indexes for item goodness of fit through AMOS software. The results show good reliabilities, and the items fit the model. Therefore, it can be said that the instrument in Likert's 4-system scale can be used to measure trust and communication and to describe the characteristics of that organization, while also measuring productivity. The research also sheds new light on Likert's management 4-system instrument for use in an educational setting in nations with evolving knowledge-age economies to examine university leadership effectiveness and characteristics and to develop methods to align the objectives of leaders and managers with those of academics

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Higher education administration; Likert 4-management system; Malaysia public universities; organizational behavior; Rasch analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education
Depositing User: Suhani Saarani
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2021 09:28
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2021 09:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/88305

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year