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A comparative study on the desiccant effect of polypropylene and polylactic acid composites reinforced with different lignocellulosic fibres

Samat, Noorasikin and Sulaiman, Muhammad Afnan and Ahmad, Zuraida and Anuar, Hazleen (2021) A comparative study on the desiccant effect of polypropylene and polylactic acid composites reinforced with different lignocellulosic fibres. Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 24 (2). pp. 223-231. ISSN 2708-9975

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Abstract

Awareness of the sustainability of the environment has inspired many researchers to explore the benefits of renewable resources like plant-based fibre, which then introduces the topic of the output of green products. The potential of polypropylene (PP) and polylactic acid (PLA) based composites with two types of natural fibres, palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB) and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), as a moisture absorbent or desiccant was investigated. PP and PLA composites with various contents of EFB and MCC fibres were prepared using an internal mixer followed by hot pressing. To evaluate their use in certain applications, moisture uptake was measured through water absorption testing. Experimental results indicated that moisture uptake influenced by fibre loading, size of fibre and type of matrix. PLA/MCC composites exhibit considerable moisture uptake compared to other composite samples. Qualitative moisture uptake measurement was also carried out by packing the composites and green chillies in plastic bags and storing them at ambient humidity and temperature. The efficiency of the composites as a desiccant was in agreement with the results of the water test. Therefore, the developed composites have the potential to be used as a desiccant.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4029/88245
Uncontrolled Keywords: moisture content; oil palm fibres, microcrystalline cellulose, composite, characterization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Noorasikin Samat
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 09:47
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 09:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/88245

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