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In silico mutation on a mutant lipase from Acinetobacter haemolyticus towards enhancing alkaline stability

Khairul Anuar, Nurul Fatin Syamimi and Abdul Wahab, Roswanira and Huyop, Fahrul Zaman and Abd Halim, Khairul Bariyyah and Abdul Hamid, Azzmer Azzar (2020) In silico mutation on a mutant lipase from Acinetobacter haemolyticus towards enhancing alkaline stability. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, 38 (15). pp. 4493-4507. ISSN 07391102

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Abstract

Alkaline-stable lipases are highly valuable biocatalysts that catalyze reactions under highly basic conditions. Herein, computational predictions of lipase from Acinetobacter haemolyticus and its mutant, Mut-LipKV1 was performed to identify functionally relevant mutations that enhance pH performance under increasing basicity. Mut-LipKV1 was constructed by in silico site directed mutagenesis of several outer loop acidic residues, aspartic acid (Asp) into basic ones, lysine (Lys) at positions 51, 122 and 247, followed by simulation under extreme pH conditions (pH 8.0–pH 12.0). The energy minimized Mut-LipKV1 model exhibited good quality as shown by PROCHECK, ERRAT and Verify3D data that corresponded to 79.2, 88.82 and 89.42% in comparison to 75.2, 86.15, and 95.19% in the wild-type. Electrostatic surface potentials and charge distributions of the Mut-LipKV1 model was more stable and better adapted to conditions of elevated pHs (pH 8.0 − 10.0). Mut-LipKV1 exhibited a mixture of neutral and positive surface charge distribution compared to the predominantly negative charge in the wild-type lipase at pH 8.0. Data of molecular dynamics simulations also supported the increased alkaline-stability of Mut-LipKV1, wherein the lipase was more stable at a higher pH 9.0 (RMSD = ∼0.3 nm, RMSF = ∼0.05–0.2 nm), over the optimal pH 8.0 of the wild-type lipase (RMSD = 0.3 nm, RMSF = 0.05–0.20 nm). Thus, the adaptive strategy of replacing surface aspartic acid to lysine in lipase was successful in yielding a more alkaline-stable Mut-LipKV1 under elevated basic conditions

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mutant lipase; Acinetobacter haemolyticus; in silico; site directed mutagenesis; molecular dynamics simulation
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Mrs Suhani Saarani
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 16:54
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 16:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/88006

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