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Pyrolysis of water hyacinth [eichhornia crassipes (mart.) Solms] for liquid smoke production

Dwi Ratnani, Rita and Hadiyanto, Hadiyanto and Widiyanto, Widiyanto and Mel, Maizirwan (2021) Pyrolysis of water hyacinth [eichhornia crassipes (mart.) Solms] for liquid smoke production. E3S Web of Conferences, 226 (00038). E-ISSN 2267-1242

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Abstract

This research aimed to determine the chemical composition of Rawapening, Semarang District, Indonesia water hyacinth and to study the effect of pyrolysis time on the volume of liquid smoke products. The water hyacinth was cut into pieces with a size of about 2 cm to 3 cm, and placed in pyrolisator. A total of 700 g of water hyacinth sample was fed into the pyrolysis. The product was observed for its content of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. The pyrolysis was carried out at a temperature of 117 °C, 400 °C and 683 °C. The results showed that water hyacinth contains hemicellulose 36 % d.b, cellulose 21 % d.b and lignin 7 % d.b which it potential to be a raw material for liquid smoke production. The effect of temperature was significant on liquid smoke products. It was proven that the higher the pyrolysis temperature, the greater the liquid smoke produced. The liquid smoke was obtained for 0.2 mL per 100 g, 12.3 mL per 100 g and 16.3 mL per 100 g dried biomass water hyacinth at a temperature of 117 °C, 400 °C and 683 °C, respectively.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4085/87654
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass, lignocellulose, renewable energy, waste to energy
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 14:52
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 14:52
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/87654

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