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Effects of Epoxidized Palm Oil (EPO) on mechanical properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)

Razali, Muhammad Sufi Iqbal and Hassan, Norita and Hassan, Noor Azlina (2020) Effects of Epoxidized Palm Oil (EPO) on mechanical properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA). TEST Engineering & Management, 83 (May – June 2020). pp. 1438-1455. ISSN 0193-4120

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Plastics are the most popular material for conventional usage especially in packaging application. However, this material becomes problematic when it reaches the disposal stage. Most of them can take almost hundreds or even thousands of years to degrade. Thus, biodegradable materials, for instance polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), are the best option to replace conventional plastics. The PHA are varied from 1 to 5 wt% epoxidized palm oil (EPO) loading and the structure and mechanical properties are studied through thermal, chemical, morphology and mechanical analysis. FTIR spectra and DSC thermogram show good compatibility between EPO loading and PHA matrix. 3 wt% EPO gives the best improvement in terms of tensile strength, modulus tensile, flexural strength and flexural modulus with improvements around 331%, 281%, 294% and 300% respectively compared to the performance of neat PHA. SEM micrographs also reveal that the homogenous dispersion of EPO loading into PHA matrix at 1, 2 and 3 wt% of PHA. The addition of EPO loading in the PHA matrix makes stress transfer from matrix to plasticizer (EPO) and increases the chain mobility PHA which results in high flexibility and stiffness.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7110/87109
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodegradable, epoxidized palm oil, polyhydroxyalkanoates, plasticizer
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Norita Hassan
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2020 14:16
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2020 14:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/87109

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