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The distribution of petroleum resources in Malaysia: unpacking federalism

Wan Zahari, Wan Mohd Zulhafiz and Shuaib, Farid Sufian (2020) The distribution of petroleum resources in Malaysia: unpacking federalism. The Journal of World Energy Law & Business (00). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1754-9957 E-ISSN 1754-9965

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This article examines the concept of federalism in the oil and gas industry in Malaysia. The petrol- eum industry is one of the 12 National Key Economic Areas (NKEAs) to enhance national growth under Malaysia’s Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). Due to its economic significance, the petroleum industry was given priority by the Government of Malaysia. The development of the oil and gas industry in Malaysia can be divided into two stages, ie the period before 1974 and after 1974. Prior to 1974, the ownership of hydrocarbon resources was placed under the jurisdiction of the respective 13 states forming part of Malaysia. In 1974, the Petroleum Development Act (PDA) was passed by the Parliament of Malaysia. Pursuant to the PDA, a national oil company has been established in the form of a public company which is called Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas). The national oil company was granted the entire ownership and the exclusive rights, powers, liberties and privileges of exploring, winning and obtaining petroleum onshore and offshore Malaysia. Each state permanently conferred its ownership, rights, powers, liberties and privileges in the petroleum by executing the vesting instrument specified in the PDA. This article examines the rights of ownership of the Federation and the various states of Malaysia with regards to the hydro- carbon resources at the time of the formation of the Federation of Malaysia, and the gradual changes in the ownership of the hydrocarbon resources from the states to the absolute ownership of the Federal government in 1974. Furthermore, this article examines the legislation regulating petroleum resources and the role of the states and federation in the upstream oil and gas industry prior to 1974 and after the enactment of the PDA.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7704/86605
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
K Law > K1001 Commercial Law
K Law > K3165 Constitutional Law
K Law > K720 Property Law
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Mohd Zulhafiz Wan Zahari
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2020 17:11
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2020 17:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/86605

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