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Study of operating conditions for biodiesel production from sludge palm oil using chemical reactor

Hayyan, Adeeb and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Mohd. Hakimi, Noor Irma Nazashida and Mohd. Siran, Yosri and Tahiruddin, Shawaluddin (2009) Study of operating conditions for biodiesel production from sludge palm oil using chemical reactor. In: International Palm Oil Congress (PIPOC 2009) , 9-12 November 2009, Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre (KLCC), KL, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Biodiesel is receiving an increased attention because of increases in crude oil prices, limited resources of fossil oil and environmental concerns. There has been renewed focus on using vegetable oils and animal fats to make biodiesel fuels. The main challenges in biodiesel industry are its production cost and limited availability of fats and oils resources. There are two aspects of the production cost of biodiesel, the costs of raw material and the cost of processing. The cost of raw materials accounts for 60 to 70% of the total cost of biodiesel production. However, there are large amounts of low grade oils from palm oil industry that could be converted to biodiesel such as sludge palm oil (SPO). SPO is a by-product of the palm oil milling process that contains high free fatty acids (FFA). The use of SPO can lower the cost of biodiesel production significantly. The problem in processing SPO to biodiesel is the high free fatty acid content in the oil restricts the conversion to biodiesel when using conventional transesterification process. This invention develops a process to treat the SPO and produce biodiesel within the standard specifications of biodiesel fuel.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 4971/8632
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, sluge Palm Oil, (SPO), processing.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 15:17
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2012 10:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/8632

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